India’s Environment Ministry classifies pharmaceutical manufacturing as a “red category” activity owing to the hazardous waste it produces. Successive studies have shown that air, water and soil are significantly contaminated by toxic chemicals and heavy metals such as copper, lead, mercury and arsenic. Pharmaceutical pollution, whether from the excretion of drugs or industrial activity, carries specific dangers for human health and ecosystems ranging from the near elimination of entire species to the feminisation of fish and the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

Furthermore, pharmaceutical manufacturing also uses large quantities of solvents – which are often highly toxic chemicals – and heavy metals, whose long-lasting impacts on human health have been proven.

TRL Waste water technologies can help in reducing the Water and Soil Contamination problem to an large extent.